Venerable Beopjeong Buddhist Priest’s Argument Against Dog Meat Consumption (English Translation) 법정스님의 개식용반대론
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Venerable Beopjeong Buddhist Priest’s Argument Against Dog Meat Consumption
(Beopjeong Sunim: 1932 – 2010)
Korea became a co-host of the World Cup soccer tournament with Japan in 2002. Along with this great news was criticism by foreign animal welfare organizations on Korean dog meat consumption.
For Koreans, who remember having experienced a similar situation during the 1988 Seoul Olympics, the general feeling was that it was a very perplexing insult.
Around the same time, it was uncovered that Koreans in Southeast Asia were slaughtering bears indiscriminately to extract their bile and it became a global issue. This is also a very grave reality and it’s a fact that we feel ashamed about it. However, despite this, there is no way to stop the illegal slaughter of dogs and bears because most Koreans agree with dog meat and the belief in Oriental medicine that bear bile(from the gall bladder) is an important medicinal ingredient that treats diseases is widespread in Korean society.
In discussing the dog meat issue, weekly magazine Hankyoreh21 (7/19/1996) fiercely defended Korean’s dog meat consumption. Reflecting the opinions and requests from many dog meat traders and dog meat consumers, it was evident that the editorial sided only with pro-dog meat views. However, their view went in a very strange direction and were rampant with ridiculous claims.
Hence, I would like to offer advice on such wrong attitudes and sentiments and, instill the fundamental Buddhist ideology of “Humanity towards animals” to contribute to the purification of the Korean society. With support from folklorist, Kang-Hyun Ju, weekly magazine Hankyoreh21 argued that Korean’s dog meat consumption should be understood and accepted because it is our traditional food culture. Also it argued that the fact that it is also practiced in China means it is deep-rooted in old historical traditions of the East and based on the cultural pluralism of food. Moreover, Hankyoreh21 argues that the East should not be influenced by the Western ideology of “Humanity towards animals.”
In the article, three arguments are problematic, that dog meat consumption is our tradition, that it is a matter of cultural pluralism, and that the “Humanity towards animals” is a Western ideology.
First, the argument that dog meat consumption is our traditional eating habit was the opinion of the general public up until now. However, what is the definition of our tradition? Can a past history be defined as a tradition? It is difficult to define something as a tradition in an environment where traditions from Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, other folk traditions, and so on, are all mixed together. However, because the Buddhist cultural tradition is still very strong in Korea, and dog meat consumption directly violates the Buddhist’s ideology of “Humanity Towards Animals”, dog eating can never be a cultural tradition and is only an habit of some people. Dog meat consumption has become conspicuous nowadays but in the past dog meat was a taboo food for women and regarded as a distasteful food that was shunned by the society. And even if it was an eating habit of the past, just because it was done in the past does not mean, we have to continue doing it today. To say we do is a false -argument. Culture must progress with the flow of time.
Politics, judicial system and human rights have gradually become more advanced with social progress. So has culture. For example, Korean traditional dress from the Joseon Dynasty called the Hanbok, is bound to gradually become simplified to facilitate daily life, even if we didn’t necessarily convert to a Western style clothing. The same goes with the dietary lifestyle.
If you were to insist on only the past and tradition, it will be like arguing that monarchy and its system of hereditary succession as part of our long tradition should be restored and current democracy abolished. It’s an argument which fundamentally cannot be taken seriously.
Even though dog meat consumption could be accepted in the past when the food was scarce and physical labor was severe, the consumption of animals that are considered companions is barbaric in today’s environment, where varieties of other meat are plentiful, where machines have replaced most of the hard physical labor, and where the noble human emotion is demanded. Because humans began raising dogs to guard homes, as bodyguards and bred horses to protect their masters’ lives on the battlefield, these animals co-existed with humans in a close relationship. Therefore, slaughtering them and eating their meat should be considered a betrayal of their faith placed in humans. Regardless of the excuses for justification, we will not be able to shake off the guilt.
Despite what I’ve said, if you insist on tradition, I would like to ask the following question. One of the origins important to Eastern cultures is Chinese culture and among Chinese food cultures there was consumption of human flesh. It began when people died of starvation due to poor harvests and were eaten, and later on people would commit murder to satisfy their appetite, such as aristocrats who would rush to take away and eat the corpses of death-row convicts. Cannibalism became endemic in Chinese food culture and even a cook book for human flesh called “Cheol-Gyeong-Lok” was published during the late Song dynasty (Reference: Gyo-Mun-Sa Publication China’s Culture of Cannibalism). Moreover, the so-called great saint Confucius also enjoyed eating human flesh until his beloved disciple Jaro was murdered and served to him as a dish called ‘Hae’. So indeed, cannibalism is a distinct Chinese tradition. But if the Chinese insisted that cannibalism must be preserved today as a part of their tradition and cultural pluralism, how would this be received?
The term pluralism is used in many fields, but this term can have a dark side of evil. There are a lot of claims of truth in this world but the greatest truth will be selected by people.
Although pluralism might be necessary to prevent excessive warlike conflicts among different parties, eventually inferior and wrong claims will naturally disappear and only one truth will remain.
If pluralism is interpreted incorrectly, it can become a shield that hides fraud, incompetence and negligence. For example, in the past, to defend his long-term seizure of power, former president Park Chung-Hee argued for a so-called “Korean style democracy” appropriate for the circumstances of Korea. However, it is a known fact that he planned to permanently hold on to power by introducing Taiwan’s Presidential system.
Third, what about the weekly magazine Hankyoreh21‘s argument that the East should not be adjudicated to the West with its ideology of “Humanity towards animals”? This is in fact a very ignorant argument that does not even need an explanation and clearly shows that the media is not up to standard. Buddhism instructs us not to kill conscious animals. In the Dangun tale containing the story about the birth of our nation, a bear and a tiger are given opportunities to become human but only the bear passes the challenge, becomes a women, marries Hwan-Woong, the son of Hwan-In (means God) and gives birth to Dangun, the progenitor of mankind. In addition, in a Dan-Guk-Gyeong-Jeon(a sacred scripture) called “Sam-Il-Sin-Go,” humans and objects are both said to hold three truths. (Humans and objects are one love and have three truths. In a popular literature Heung-Boo-Jeon, Heung-Boo, who treats a swallow’s broken leg, receives a big reward from the haven.) Thus, we know that in our traditional ideology animals and nature are understood as having a friendly relationship with humans and in Buddhism this is even more so true.
Buddhism’s ideology of “Humanity towards animals” is directly presented in the ceremony of releasing captive animals to spare their lives.
While Korea’s traditional ideology is humaneness toward animals, Western ideology has a Christian tradition where God created all things in the universe for humans and allows the destroying of environments as well as the killing of animals to eat. Anyone who is a Buddhist would have been criticized by the Christians at least once for their difference in belief. However, in this dog meat debate what a pathetic logic it is to say repeatedly that the ideology of “Humanity towards animals” is a Western ideology, as well as producing an adverse effect of idolizing the Western ideology?
The weekly magazine HanKyoreh21 should keep in mind that the Western ideology of “Humanity towards animals” moved across there from the East. Through this dog meat debate, Hankyoreh21 ended up insisting obstinately that the animal discrimination ideology is an Eastern ideology. We must examine a few points from this debate.
First of all, our society is an immature society where popular attitudes based on one’s self-interest rather than intellect abound. A lot of people from all walks of life, all political and social strata, would agree with this view.
Second, if any of the media were to fail to perform their function and only accede to the dog meat trader’s demands, it would be no more than advertising (an infomercial) rather than informed debate. In the end, the media ends up misleading the public opinion of citizens by not acknowledging its own dogmatism. If the media were to fail to realize its own mistakes and maintain a type of attitude that focused only on criticizing military dictatorships like in the past, that would result in a more dangerous journalistic dictatorship.
Third, unscientific Korean traditional medicine is encouraging the indiscriminate use of animals. Using sources collected in their natural states as medicine is a method of the old days, when the medicinal ingredients were not identified. However, if there are medicinal ingredients in these animals and they were scientifically identified, then today we can synthesize them artificially and use that medicine. And yet, Korean traditional medicine continues to practice the old methods of indiscriminately slaughtering animals to use as medicine, and if these practices are extended to using human organs, it will be no different than barbarism. Bon-Cho-Gang-Mok (a medical book written by Si-Jin Lee of the Ming Dynasty in the 16th Century) is a textbook for Korean traditional medicine composed of 52 chapters, and it has a chapter on human anatomy stating that all organs of human can be processed and used to treat illnesses.
Now is the time for Korean traditional medicine to awaken, stop inciting animal slaughter as did in the past, take a step forward towards progress and change itself as a medical science that conforms to the ideology of “Humanity towards animals”.
Fourth, despite the fact that Buddhists make up half of our total population, Buddhism hasn’t taken a leadership position in our society. It is out of step with the core of society and is neglected as a “back alley” religion. While Buddhists are fanatically passionate about their struggle for religious rights, it’s a reality that when it comes to important social issues their influence is minor. They take a backseat when the argument that today’s ideology of “Humanity towards animal” originated from the West is rampant. We must escape from this type of lower class Buddhism as soon as possible and bring about a genuine transformation.
Fifth, the basis for dog meat consumption is that a dog’s mating time is over an hour and several times longer than for cows or horses. Snakes have even longer mating time than dogs and this is the real reason why Koreans eat dogs and snakes, seeing them as sexual enhancers. Such an excessive obsession over virility by Koreans probably has a correlation to the fact that Korea ranks third in the world for sexually violent crimes. Furthermore, it can be analyzed that an excessive sexual obsession is most likely the cause of our society’s frequent orphan exports and reckless abortions. If we are only absorbed in Korean-style divisional conflicts during the day and indulge only in sexuality at night, this would be a lower class culture distinctive to Korea.
When we see people indiscriminately preying on frogs hibernating between the crevices in the creek during winter, we know for sure that Koreans have a vulgar characteristic in them.
This is because they even search for frogs with the belief it will enhance virility.
As we have examined so far, dog meat consumption is an evil custom that doesn’t belong in a modern society, as well as a vice harmful to the mental health of our citizens.
In my opinion, the fact that our society has been wasting national resources on utterly divisive internal conflicts in all walks of life, such as politics, economy and religion from ancient times is a natural result of evil practice of betrayal and a loss of trust in humanity through the slaughtering and eating of dogs which is then applied consciously and unconsciously in human interactions.
Additionally, the slaughter of dogs causes severe pollution. In the process of mass breeding of dogs, a lot of noise pollution occurs and its negative effects on the public are serious.
To solve that dog farmers commit the cruelty of forcibly bursting dogs’ eardrums to reduce the noise of barking. There isn’t anything they won’t do in order to eat dog meat.
Moreover, to flavor the meat, sometimes the dogs are hung by the neck then mercilessly bludgeoned all over with a club, bursting their internal organs and killing it brutally and heartlessly. We must indeed call this a diabolical behavior. And even after the dog is dead, it is blow torched to burn off their fur, causing odors to spread throughout the neighborhood. There are so many dog traders who make their living adversely effecting human minds and greatly polluting the society just for the eating of dog meat. This is in fact a waste of national resources as well as blasphemy against human society.
If someone were to ask me why not just preach vegetarianism instead of opposing only dog meat consumption, since dogs and cows are all animals, it’s because I take a Buddhist’s moderate standpoint.
We can never consider dogs and humans to be equal. However, by considering dogs who are closest to our lives differently, we lay a foundation for the transition of our consciousness regarding a love for the animals. Asking people to refrain from eating all meat can easily be considered as a creed of a certain religion and it will be like an argument that can never be realized.
When we prevent the slaughter of dogs, we will implicitly develop deep affection towards other animals as well. Some people may look upon the love for the animals as hypocrisy and think it replaces love for fellow humans. However, there’s not even a need for discussion on this because someone who loves animals would without a doubt love fellow humans, and also love for the animals would be an opportunity to develop unconditional love for the fellow human.
From the viewpoint of Buddhism, because dogs are very close to our lives, they are often reincarnated as humans in the infinite cycle of life, death and rebirth. When you look at the Mook-Ryun-Gyeong(a Buddhist scripture, Sutra), it’s written that the mother of Mook-Ryun(a disciple of Buddha) sinned while living, endured the suffering of hell, and was reborn as a dog.
Although this is a mythical tale difficult to believe, there is a famous tale in Buddhism during the Japanese colonial period about a man who was abusive towards his puppy, and he had dreams where his deceased mother repeatedly appeared and harshly scolded him by saying “how could you continue to abuse me so much?” Finally he came to believed that his dog was his reincarnated mother and thereafter treated the puppy with kindness.
To maintain the integrity of human life, to purify of our emotions for the peace in our society, dog slaughter and dog meat consumption must disappear. The government must strictly govern and eradicate ruthless dog killing and dog farm noise pollution from this society by actively intervening in this issue and thoroughly enforcing the current laws prohibiting this practice.
From the viewpoint of animal rights activists, Spain’s bullfighting is also a serious problem. Bullfighting is an atrocious game where the spectators enjoy the cruel and evil competition of a bull being thoroughly ridiculed and then killed with a single stroke of sword. It must be eradicated through international condemnation and pressure.
Boxing also is a cruel game that strikes the head, the most important in human, knocking people out and occasionally we can witness some of these fighters dying. Some doctors have argued that boxing should be prohibited by law. In addition, guns, knives and other weapons are common among children’s toys and promoting these to children results in the encouragement of a cruel, evil, barbaric and combative society.
If this dog meat debate paves the way to control the violent barbarism in every corner of our society, then the countless dogs already dead would not have died in vain, but would have played the role in the important foundation for peaceful society.
[September 1996 ‘World of Established Rule’]
Click here for Korean-English Translation
Stop the Dog and Cat Consumption in S. Korea
Shame of you for doing these evil things to poor innocent dogs, they are pets not meat, your day will come, god above will make you suffer
S T O P IT.
STOP THIS CRUELTY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! IS SO DISGUSTING WHAT YOU DOING
Stop consuming dog meat! This is a truly Barbaric habit!
Be ashamed, be very ashamed… you are MONSTERS to kill dogs in this way. I hope you all die in the same way !!!!
Eat your damn insects and leave the dogs & cats alone!!!
Eat your own meat!! Your people are sick!!!
ARRETEZ LE MASSACRE CE QUE VOUS FAITES AUX ANIMAUX EST HONTEUX !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Stop the Dog and Cat Consumption in S. Korea
Cut your self and see how much it hurt you cut a little bit more – now put yourself in the dog’s shoes,get your hands tied up with your feet not touching thing ground.With 2 or more people banging your head and your whole body with clubs repeatedly while you can see them doing it.Then after your dead or maybe few breaths away from it,picture 2 guys roasting your whole body…………..Well if your doing this to the animals,karma will follow you with the same. Stop This Once and for all. Dogs and Cats are to be loved like your sons,daughters,brother or sister and not to be eaten.
In order for the world to progress in a positive way all meat consumption has to stop
You sick BASTARDS. May you rot in Hell. And do you know what? You probably will
Please the whole world does not eat dogs and cats this is the highest and worst cruelty possible! Buddha would turn in his grave!! Jesus said and Buddha said “DO NO HARM” “DO NOT KILL” I implore you to stop this deplorable and abhorrent selfish, greedy practice that is so primitive!!
This is horrific shame on you please stop the world is watching !!!
Il est inadmissible que des pays aussi évolués que les votres aient des méthodes aussi primitives et barbares et pratiquent de telles tortures. Je ne mettrai jamais les pieds dans votre pays qui font de telles atrocités !!!
this is sickening, barbaric,utterly stomach churning and not acceptable, why don,t you eat each other?
Objet: Daewoo, when will you stop to choose the side of the oppressor ?
Mails: [email protected], [email protected]
Dear Managements of South Korean Companies,
In S. Korea, 2.5 million dogs and thousands of cats are tortured and slaughtered each year to fuel the $2 billion illegal dog and cat meat industry, a trade that has neither been officially recognized nor accepted by the Korean Government nor the EU.
Bishop Desmond Tutu said, “If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor.”
Today, we urge you to choose the side of the oppressed and take your position to help ban the barbaric and inhumane dog torture and consumption in S. Korea!
If you want to export your products and services to the rest of the world, and showcase the best of Korea, then please respect our wishes and do your part to end this madness that is going on in your country. Make it your company’s policy to ban employees from eating dog meat that fuel the pockets of these criminals. Lobby your government to enact an enforceable animal protection law that abolishes this abomination once and for all. In doing so you will gain the respect of the youth and the understanding of your customers, currently horrified by these atrocities.
It’s 2013! If it was North Korea one could try to understand, realizing that people are dying of starvation in that backward society. However, South Korea is flourishing and consumers have food and choices. South Korea has a wide variety of cuisine and the West can not understand why you continue to choose not just to eat but to torture companion animals who have served us so faithfully over thousands of years. Just recently the United Kingdom welcomed South Korea in London and your Paralympians had their faithful guide dogs by their side. The world showed you acceptance and respect, only now to finally discover the very country they are trading with is a nation devoid of any compassion. To know that you are eating not just “farmed animals” but even former pets is incomprehensible to us your customers. To know you turn a blind eye to markets where slaughter takes place in full view of mothers and children fills us with horror. To know you boil and burn dogs alive fills our children with fear. This is the message you are giving to your current and future trading partners. If you can not show compassion, think about the economics, think about the tourism and think about future World Events. There will be boycotts. There will be major outcry. There will be sanctions.
C EST UNE HONTE ET SCANDALEUX !!!!!!! CETTE MONSTRUOISTE EST INCROYABLEMENT IGNOBLE …. VOUS ETES DE VRAIS BARBARES …. !!!!!!!!!!!!! BOYCOTTE DE VOTRE PAYS DE LA LACHETE ……… VOUS MERITEZ LE PIRE……… LAISSEZ CES PAUVRES ANIMAUX TRANQUILLES ………….GRRRRRRRRR
arrêter le masacre de chien , J’IRAI JAMAIS DANS VOTRE PAYS SES CHIEN INTELIGENT
Bande de tarés non mais ca va pas de bouffé des chien bande de dégénéré on est plus au temp de l’age de pierre faut évoluer.les condition de detention de ces chien est inadmissible ca vous dit quelque chose la protection animale.vous me dégoute bande de sauvage venait en france on va vous faire pareil ca reveillera ppeut-être le peut d’humanite qu’il peut vous rester.on vous garde a l’oeil en france espece d’abrutis
shame on the total humanity
Stop this Please!!!
We will not be purchasing Korean products until this country introduces animal welfare laws.
Please stop doing this to these dogs. This is so cruel!!
I am ashamed for the human being, deep deep deep shame so badly treated animals.how can we? ever comes the day of judgment, and then the man may disappear and the animals survive. I hope with all my heart..We do not deserve this place on earth.
I will never purchase Korean products and I will also tell my family and friends of the horrific cruelty to dogs and cats.
ANIMAL ABUSERS – PLEASE READ THIS!!
I am the Voice of the Voiceless
Through me the dumb shall speak
Till the world’s deaf ear be made to hear
The wrongs of the wordless weak.
Oh shame on the mothers of mortals
Who do not stoop to teach
The sorrow that lies in dear dumb eyes
The sorrow that has no speech.
From street, from cage, from kennel
From stable and from zoo
The wall of my tortured kin proclaims the sin
Of the mighty against the frail.
But I am my brother’s keeper …
A good example of God’s displeasure at cruelty to animals is found in Proverbs 12:10: “The godly are concerned for the welfare of their animals, but even the kindness of the wicked is cruel.” God calls cruelty to animals wicked. Finally, God rebuked Balaam for beating his donkey, when that donkey was trying to save his life.
“Why did you beat your donkey those three times?” the angel of the Lord demanded. “Look, I have come to block your way because you are stubbornly resisting me. Three times the donkey saw me and shied away; otherwise, I would certainly have killed you by now and spared the donkey” (Numbers 22:32-33).
Job 12:7,8,9 But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee:
12:8 Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee.
12:9 Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this?
Thanks to those who care for God’s creatures. Be Blessed.
Hos 4:3 “Therefore the land mourns, and everyone living there languishes, with the beasts of the field and the birds of the heavens. And the fish of the sea are taken away.
I will not be buying anything made in South Korea nor will I be visiting South Korea. The barbaric manner that these dogs and cats are treated before killing and the barbaric manner they are killed for consumption is beyond comprehension. They are not to be eaten. If you are buddhist or christian or whatever religion you claim nowhere have I found in any religion is the torture of animals justified. Just because something was a tradition doesn’t make it right. The tradition may have been out of ignorance or shear stupidity. Start enforcing your effing animal welfare laws. The world is watching.
stop this extrem cruelty…this animals NOT FOOD
SVP JE VOUS EN PRIS AIDER A ARRETER CES MASSACRES DE CHIENS ET CHATS QUI SONT INSUPPORTABLE POUR LES PERSONNES COMME VOUS QUI JE PENSE AIMENT LES ANIMAUX MERCI !!!!!!!!!!!!!
Stop killing and eating dogs and cats!!!!Korea is stjuped people!!!!
STOP Killing innocent animals,this animals NOT FFOD,they is our best friends
I and my family will not buy any Korean products until this country introduces animal welfare laws. And we will tell all our friends and relatives about the cruelties in this country. If animals are treated in such a manner who know – one day they will treat people in such a manner as well???
Definitely boycotting everything South Korea, no cars, no electronics, appliances, machinery, nothing.
South kore and china is composed not of humans and animals, but of hungry ignorant devils. The humans are the animals in their story. Unless they learn to respect living creatures, they will forever suffer God’s wrath.
South korea and china is composed not of humans and animals, but of hungry ignorant devils. The humans are the animals in their story. Unless they learn to respect living creatures, they will forever suffer God’s wrath.
I´m so ashmed! All forms of animal consuption has to stop!
In Korea exists a moral authority who opposes this despicable activity.
My sincere thanks to the Venerable Beopjeong by his wise and compassionate words .
I wish urgently that all the Korean people pick them up and consciously meditate why killing pets for meat is vicious and immoral.
Again my thanks to the Wise and Venerable Beopjeong to be consistent with the teachings of Lord Buddah.
Tell the people of Korea not to abuse & kill animals!
This dogs and cats have feelings and you are killing them for your own amusement. How would you feel if this was happening to you.You have no compassion at all. In my eyes that make you not human. God see what you all are doing and on judgement day I wish the same treatment that you horrible people have done to these innocent dogs and cats. You
Stop this immediately. This is barbaric and cruel
Hört endlich auf!!!!
Mi amo i cani….Ich liebe Hunde sie sind die besten Freunde der Menschen
Dogs and cats are family not a food.
You have no compassion and it is shameful the barbaric cruelty! Stop eating dogs & cats !!
How barbaric and cruel, what can we do to stop this, it seems that the South Korean govt is very stubborn and would not make this illegal, I feel so frustrated and angry seeing all this, stop buying Korean products and don’t visit the country!!
PLEASE PLEASE STOP THE DOG MEAT URGENT—–THANKS—-
this is torture and they have absolutely NO respect for all kind if lifes!! scumbags-ruled by a president who is just crap!!!
Stop such cruelty please
Absolutely horrific evil that must end immediately and every sick garbage scum “human” responsible for this must be exterminated. No excuse for this. NONE!!!!